The Enterprise's medical staff relied very heavily on biobeds in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients. A series of biofunction sensors were built into the beds, and could provide a wealth of information on the patient's condition. Basic information, such as the patient's temperature, blood pressure, and respiration quality was constantly displayed on a unit at the bed's head. Other, more detailed information could be accessed by tying the bed's sensors into a variety of remote medical instruments, such as the tricorder.

The bed also had connect points for medical gas and fluid units, including the surgical support frame, which among its many functions maintained a sterile environment during surgery, and could administer intravenous medication.

In normal conditions, a central biobed was used for surgery, whereas the standard biobeds around the edges of the room were used for recovery. In order to make long stays in these beds more comfortable, they were designed with a tilting headrest.